RHODES - the Sunshine Isle

WARWICK GREEK ISLAND GUIDES

The Ancient Greek Gods

ZEUS - the King of the Gods

Zeus was the ultimate king of all the gods. He controlled the weather systems and dominated the Greek pantheon. The ancient Greek poet, Hesiod, called him the 'cloud-gatherer' and the 'thunderer', and people truly believed that when they heard the sounds of a storm, Zeus was angry and on the rampage. His most powerful weapon was the potentially devastating thunderbolt which signified the power, judgement and supernatural presence of Zeus as the mightiest of mighty.

Zeus was also concerned with hospitality - which echoes down to the present day to the, almost inbuilt, Greek sense of hospitality. The ancient lore went something like this: 

'Treat all strangers with generosity and kindness in case it be Zeus in disguise testing your worth.  If you should be cruel or unkind to a stranger, then expect the wrath of Zeus in its full force!' unknown

Consequently, Greece has built up a legendary reputation for hospitality, and by doing so, helped to lay the foundations for modern-day diplomacy along with the accepted standards of international  hospitality and respect.

KMW 

 

The following is an inavluable extract from the Wikipedia, with useful links:

man Name Image God/Goddess of... Generation
Zeus Jupiter Jupiter Smyrna Louvre Ma13.jpg King of the gods and ruler of Mount Olympus; god of the sky and thunder. Youngest child of the Titans Cronus and Rhea. Symbols include the thunderbolt, eagle, oak tree, scepter and scales. Brother and [bisexual] husband of Hera, although he had many lovers. First
Hera Juno Hera Campana Louvre Ma2283.jpg Queen of the gods and the goddess of marriage and family. Symbols include the peacock, pomegranate, crown, cuckoo, lion and cow. Youngest daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Wife and sister of Zeus. Being the goddess of marriage, she frequently tried to get revenge on Zeus' lovers and their children. First
Poseidon Neptune Poseidon sculpture Copenhagen 2005.jpg Lord of the seas, earthquakes and horses. Symbols include the horse, bull, dolphin and trident. Middle son of Cronus and Rhea. Brother of Zeus and Hades. Married to the Nereid Amphitrite, although, like his brother Zeus, he had many lovers. First
Dionysus Bacchus Dionysos Louvre Ma87 n2.jpg God of wine, celebrations and ecstasy. Patron god of the art of theatre. Symbols include the grapevine, ivy, cup, tiger, panther, leopard, dolphin and goat. Son of Zeus and the mortal Theban princess Semele. Married to the Cretan princess Ariadne. The youngest Olympian, as well as the only one to have been born of a mortal woman. Second
Apollo Apollo Roman Statue of Apollo.jpg God of light, music, poetry, prophecy and archery. Symbols include the sun, lyre, bow and arrow, raven, dolphin, wolf, swan and mouse. Twin brother of Artemis. Youngest child of Zeus and Leto. Second
Artemis Diana Diane de Versailles Leochares 2.jpg Virgin goddess of the hunt, virginity, archery and all animals. Symbols include the moon, deer, hound, she-bear, snake, cypress tree and bow and arrow. Twin sister of Apollo. Eldest child of Zeus and Leto. Second
Hermes Mercury Rude-mercury.jpg Messenger of the Gods; god of commerce and thieves. Symbols include the caduceus (staff entwined with two snakes), winged sandals and cap, stork and tortoise (whose shell he used to invent the lyre). Son of Zeus and the nymph Maia. The second-youngest Olympian, just older than Dionysus. He married Dryope, the daughter of Dryops, and their son Pan became the god of nature, lord of the satyrs, inventor of the panpipes and comrade of Dionysus. Second
Athena Minerva Athena Giustiniani Musei Capitolini MC278.jpg Virgin goddess of wisdom, handicrafts, defence and strategic warfare. Symbols include the owl and the olive tree. Daughter of Zeus and the Oceanid Metis, she rose from her father's head fully grown and in full battle armor after he swallowed her mother. Second
Ares Mars Ares villa Hadriana.jpg God of war, violence and bloodshed. Symbols include the boar, serpent, dog, vulture, spear and shield. Son of Zeus and Hera, all the other gods (excluding Aphrodite) despised him. His Latin name, Mars, gave us the word "martial." Second
Aphrodite Venus NAMA Aphrodite Syracuse.jpg Goddess of love, beauty, and desire. Symbols include the dove, bird, apple, bee, swan, myrtle and rose. Daughter of Zeus and the Oceanid Dione, or perhaps born from the sea foam after Uranus' blood dripped onto the earth and into the sea after being defeated by his youngest son Cronus. Married to Hephaestus, although she had many adulterous affairs, most notably with his brother Ares. Her name gave us the word "aphrodisiac." either
Second
or from the
Titan
generation
Hephaestus Vulcan Vulcan Coustou Louvre MR1814.jpg Master blacksmith and craftsman of the gods; god of fire and the forge. Symbols include the fire, anvil, ax, donkey, hammer, tongs and quail. Son of Hera, either by Zeus or alone. After he was born, his parents threw him off Mount Olympus, and he landed on the island of Lemnos. Married to Aphrodite, though unlike most divine husbands, he was rarely ever licentious. His Latin name, Vulcan, gave us the word "volcano." Second
Demeter Ceres Demeter Pio-Clementino Inv254.jpg Goddess of fertility, agriculture, nature, and the seasons. Symbols include the poppy, wheat, torch, and pig. Middle daughter of Cronus and Rhea. Her Latin name, Ceres, gave us the word cereal." First
Notes
  • A ^ According to an alternate version of her birth, Aphrodite was born of Uranus, Zeus' grandfather, — after Cronus threw his castrated genitals into the sea. This supports the etymology of her name, "foam-born". As such, Aphrodite would belong to the same generation as Cronus, Zeus' father, and would technically be Zeus' aunt. See the birth of Aphrodite
  • B ^ Romans also associated Phoebus with Helios and the sun itself.[12][13] However, they also used the name legaced by the Greeks, Apollo.[14]

[edit] Other definitions

The following gods and goddess are sometimes mentioned amongst the twelve Olympians.

Greek Name Roman Name Image God or Goddess of... Generation
Hades Pluto Hades-et-Cerberus-III.jpg God of the Underworld, dead and the riches under the Earth ("Pluto" translates to "The Rich One"); he was born into the first Olympian generation, but as he lives in the Underworld rather than on Mount Olympus, he is typically not included amongst the twelve Olympians. First
Hestia Vesta Hestia-meyers.png Goddess of the hearth and of the right ordering of domesticity and the family; she was born into the first Olympian generation and was one of the original twelve Olympians, but stories suggest that when Dionysus arrived on Mount Olympus she gave him her place in the twelve to prevent discord. First
Asclepius Vejovis Statue of Asklepios NAMA 263 (DerHexer).JPG The god of medicine and healing. He represents the healing aspect of the medical arts; his daughters are Hygieia ("Hygiene"), Iaso ("Medicine"), Aceso ("Healing"), Aglæa/Ægle ("Healthy Glow"), and Panacea ("Universal Remedy"). Third
Eros Cupid Eros Farnese MAN Napoli 6353.jpg The god of sexual love and beauty. He was also worshipped as a fertility deity. either
Third
or
Primordial
Hebe Juventas Canova-Hebe 30 degree view.jpg She is the daughter of Zeus and Hera. Hebe was the cupbearer for the gods and goddesses of Mount Olympus, serving their nectar and ambrosia, until she was married to Heracles. Second
Heracles Hercules Hercules Farnese 3637104088 9c95d7fe3c b.jpg A divine hero, the son of Zeus and Alcmene, foster son of Amphitryon and great-grandson (and half-brother) of Perseus (Περσεύς). He was the greatest of the Greek heroes, a paragon of masculinity and a champion of the Olympian order against chthonic monsters. Second
Pan Faunus PanandDaphnis.jpg The god of the wild, shepherds and flocks, of mountain wilds, hunting and rustic music, as well as the companion of the nymphs. Generally
Third
sometimes
Second
Persephone Proserpina Locri Pinax Persephone Opens Likon Mystikon.jpg

Queen of the Underworld and a daughter of Demeter and Zeus. She became the consort of Hades when he became the deity who governed the underworld. Also goddess of spring time.

Second

 

 

 


Protogenoi (primordial)

Ancient Greek name English name Description
Αἰθήρ (Aithḗr) Aether God of the upper air and light. Son of Erebus and Nyx.
Ἀνάγκη (Anánkē) Ananke Goddess of inevitability, compulsion and necessity.
Ἔρεβος (Érebos) Erebos or Erebus God of darkness and shadow.
Γαῖα (Gaîa) Gaia or Gaea Personification of the Earth (Mother Earth); mother of the Titans.
Ἡμέρα (Hēméra) Hemera Goddess of daylight and the sun. Daughter of Erebus and Nyx
Χάος (Cháos) Chaos The nothingness from which all else sprang
Χρόνος (Chrónos) Chronos The Keeper of Time. Not to be confused with the Titan Cronus, the father of Zeus.
Nῆσοι (Nē̂soi) The Nesoi Goddesses of the islands.
Νύξ (Nýx) Nyx or Night Goddess of night. She is also the only being from which Zeus turned when her son Hypnos, who had angered Zeus, hid behind her.
Οὐρανός (Ouranós) Uranus God of the heavens (Father Sky); father of the Titans. He banished his children, the Cyclopes and the Hecatonchires, to the underworld because they did not please him.
Οὔρεα (Oúrea) The Ourea Gods of mountains.
Φάνης (Phánēs) Phanes God of procreation in the Orphic tradition.
Πόντος (Póntos) Pontus God of the sea, father of the fish and other sea creatures.
Τάρταρος (Tártaros) Tartarus The darkest, deepest part of the underworld.
Θάλασσα (Thálassa) Thalassa Spirit of the sea and consort of Pontos.

[edit] Titans

Greek name English name Description
The Twelve Titans
Ὑπερίων (Hyperíōn) Hyperion Titan of light. With Theia, he is the father of Helios (the sun), Selene (the moon) and Eos (the dawn).
Ἰαπετός (Iapetós) Iapetus Titan of mortality and father of Prometheus, Epimetheus and Atlas.
Κοῖος (Koîos) Coeus Titan of intellect and the axis of heaven around which the constellations revolved.
Κρεῖος (Kreîōs) Krios The least individualized of the Twelve Titans, he is the father of Astraios, Pallas and Perses.
Κρόνος (Crónos) Cronus The leader of the Titans, who overthrew his father Uranus only to be overthrown in turn by his son, Zeus. Not to be confused with Chronos, the god of time. He is usually depicted with a scythe given to him by his mother, Gaea.
Mνημοσύνη (Mnēmosýnē) Mnemosyne Titan of memory and remembrance, and mother of the Nine Muses.
Ὠκεανός (Ōceanós) Oceanus Titan of the all-encircling river Oceanus around the earth, the font of all the Earth's fresh-water.
Φοίβη (Phoíbē) Phoebe Titan of the "bright" intellect and prophecy, and consort of Koios.
Ῥέα (Rhéa) Rhea Titan of female fertility, motherhood, and generation. She is the sister and consort of Cronus, and mother of Zeus, Hades, Poseidon, Hera, Demeter and Hestia.
Τηθύς (Tēthýs) Tethys Wife of Oceanus, and the mother of the rivers, springs, streams, fountains and clouds.
Θεία (Theía) Theia Titan of sight and the shining light of the clear blue sky. She is the consort of Hyperion, and mother of Helios, Selene and Eos.
Θέμις (Thémis) Themis Titan of divine law and order.
Other Titans
Ἀστερία (Astería) Asteria Titan of nocturnal oracles and falling stars.
Ἀστραῖος (Astraîos) Astraeus Titan of stars and planets, and the art of astrology.
Ἄτλας (Átlas) Atlas Titan forced to carry the sky upon his shoulders. Also Son of Iapetus.
Αὔρα (Aúra) Aura Titan of the breeze and the fresh, cool air of early morning.
Διώνη (Diṓnē) Dione Titan of the oracle of Dodona.
Ἠώς (Ēṓs) Eos Titan of the dawn.
Ἐπιμηθεύς (Epimētheús) Epimetheus Titan of afterthought and the father of excuses.
Εὐρυβία (Eurybía) Eurybia Titan of the mastery of the seas and consort of Krios.
Εὐρυνόμη (Eurynómē) Eurynome Titan of water-meadows and pasturelands, and mother of the three Charites by Zeus.
Ἥλιος (Hḗlios) Helios Titan god of the sun and guardian of oaths.
Κλυμένη (Clyménē) Clymene or Asia Titan of renown, fame and infamy, and wife of Iapetos.
Ληλαντος (Lēlantos) Lelantos Titan of air and the hunter's skill of stalking prey. He is the male counterpart of Leto.
Λητώ (Lētṓ) Leto Titan of motherhood and mother of Artemis and Apollo.
Μενοίτιος (Menoítios) Menoetius Titan of violent anger, rash action, and human mortality. Killed by Zeus.
Μῆτις (Mē̂tis) Metis Titan of good counsel, advise, planning, cunning, craftiness and wisdom, and mother of Athena.
Ὀφίων (Ophíōn) Ophion An elder Titan, in some versions of the myth he ruled the Earth with his consort Eurynome before Cronus overthrew him.
Πάλλας (Pállas) Pallas Titan of warcraft. He was killed by Athena during the Titanomachy.
Πέρσης (Pérsēs) Perses Titan of destruction.
Προμηθεύς (Promētheús) Prometheus Titan of forethought and crafty counsel, and creator of mankind. As punishment for creating humans, he is chained to a cliff by Zeus and has his liver eaten out by the eagle of Zeus every morning.
Σελήνη (Selḗnē) Selene Titan of the moon.
Στύξ (Stýx) Styx Titan of the Underworld, river Styx and personification of hatred.

[edit] Gigantes (giants)

  • The Hekatoncheires (Ἑκατόγχειρες), or Centimanes (Latin), the Hundred-Handed Ones, giant gods of violent storms and hurricanes. Three sons of Uranus and Gaea, each with their own distinct characters.[1]
    • Briareus or Aigaion (Βριάρεως), The Vigorous
    • Cottus (Κόττος), The Furious
    • Gyges (Γύγης), The Big-Limbed
  • Agrius (Ἄγριος), a man-eating Thracian giant who was half-man and half-bear
  • Alcyoneus (Ἀλκυονεύς), the king of the Thracian giants, who was slain by Heracles
  • Aloadae (Αλοάδαι), twin giants who attempted to storm heaven
    • Otos (Ότος)
    • Ephialtes (Εφιάλτης)
  • Antaeus (Ανταίος), a Libyan giant who wrestled all visitors to the death until he was slain by Heracles
  • Argus Panoptes (Ἄργος Πανόπτης), a hundred-eyed giant tasked with guarding over Io
  • Cyclopes (Elder), three one-eyed giants who forged the lightning-bolts of Zeus
    • Arges (Ἄργης)
    • Brontes (Βρόντης)
    • Steropes (Στερόπης)
  • Cyclopes (Younger), a tribe of one-eyed cannibalistic giants who shepherded flocks of sheep on the island of Sicily
  • Enceladus (Εγκέλαδος), one of the Thracian giants who made war on the gods
  • The Gegenees (Γεγενεες), a tribe of six-armed giants fought by the Argonauts on Bear Mountain in Mysia
  • Geryon (Γηρυών), a three-bodied, four-winged giant who dwelt on the red island of Erytheia
  • The Laestrygonians (Λαιστρυγόνες), a tribe of man-eating giants encountered by Odysseus on his travels
  • Orion (Ωρίων), a giant huntsman whom Zeus placed among the stars as the constellation of Orion
  • Porphyrion (Πορφυρίων), the king of the Gigantes who was struck down by Herakles and Zeus with arrows and lightning-bolts after he attempted to rape Hera
  • Talos (Τάλως), a giant forged from bronze by Hephaestus, and gifted by Zeus to his lover Europa as her personal protector
  • Tityos (Τίτυος), a giant slain by Apollo and Artemis when he attempted to violate their mother Leto.
  • Typhon (Τυφῶν), a monstrous immortal storm-giant who was defeated and imprisoned by Zeus in the pit of Tartarus

[edit] Personified concepts

  • Achlys (Ἀχλύς), spirit of the death-mist
  • Adephagia (Ἀδηφαγία), spirit of gluttony
  • Adikia (Ἀδικία), spirit of injustice and wrong-doing
  • Aergia (Ἀεργία), spirit of idleness, laziness, indolence and sloth
  • Agon (Ἀγών), spirit of contest, who possessed an altar at Olympia, site of the Olympic Games.
  • Aidos (Αιδώς), spirit of modesty, reverence and respect
  • Aisa (Αίσα), personification of lot and fate
  • Alala (Ἀλαλά), spirit of the war cry
  • Alastor (Αλάστωρ), spirit of blood feuds and vengeance
  • Aletheia (Αλήθεια), spirit of truth, truthfulness and sincerity
  • The Algea (Ἄλγεα), spirits of pain and suffering
    • Achos (Άχος) "trouble, distress"
    • Ania (Ανία) "ache, anguish"
    • Lupe (Λύπη) "pain, grief, sorrow"
  • Amechania (Αμηχανία), spirit of helplessness and want of means
  • The Amphilogiai (Αμφιλογίαι), spirits of disputes, debate and contention
  • Anaideia (Αναίδεια), spirit of ruthlessness, shamelessness, and unforgivingness
  • The Androktasiai (Ανδροκτασίαι), spirits of battlefield slaughter
  • Angelia (Αγγελία), spirit of messages, tidings and proclamations
  • Apate (Απάτη), spirit of deceit, guile, fraud and deception
  • Aporia (Aπορία), spirit of difficulty, perplexity, powerlessness and want of means
  • The Arae (Ἀραί), spirits of curses
  • Arete (Aρετή), spirit of virtue, excellence, goodness and valour
  • Atë (Άτη), spirit of delusion, infatuation, blind folly, recklessness and ruin
  • Bia (Βία), spirit of force, power, bodily strength and compulsion
  • Caerus (Καιρός), spirit of opportunity
  • Corus (Κόρος), spirit of surfeit
  • Deimos (Δεῖμος), spirit of fear, dread and terror. A son of Ares
  • Dikaiosyne (Δικαιοσύνη), spirit of justice and righteousness
  • Dike (Δίκη), spirit of justice, fair judgements and the rights established by custom and law
  • Dolos (Δόλος), spirit of trickery, cunning deception, craftiness, treachery and guile
  • Dysnomia (Δυσνομία), spirit of lawlessness and poor civil constitution
  • Dyssebeia (Δυσσέβεια), spirit of impiety
  • Eirene (Εἰρήνη), goddess of peace
  • Ekecheiria (Εκεχειρία), spirit of truce, armistice, and the cessation of all hostilities; honoured at the Olympic Games
  • Eleos (Ἔλεος), spirit of mercy, pity and compassion
  • Elpis (Ελπίς), spirit of hope and expectation
  • Epiphron (Επίφρων), spirit of prudence, shrewdness, thoughtfulness, carefulness and sagacity
  • Eris (Έρις), spirit of strife, discord, contention and rivalry
  • The Erotes (ἔρωτες)
    • Anteros (Ἀντέρως), god of requited love
    • Eros (Έρως), god of love and sexual intercourse
    • Hedylogos (Ηδύλογος), god of sweet talk and flattery
    • Himeros (Ἵμερος), god of sexual desire
    • Pothos (Πόθος), god of sexual longing, yearning and desire
  • Eucleia (Ευκλεια), spirit of good repute and glory
  • Eunomia (Εὐνομία), goddess good order and lawful conduct
  • Eupheme (Ευφήμη), spirit of words of good omen, acclamation, praise, applause and shouts of triumph
  • Eupraxia (Eυπραξία), spirit of well-being
  • Eusebeia (Eὐσέβεια), spirit of piety, loyalty, duty and filial respect
  • Euthenia (Ευθενία), spirit of prosperity, abundance and plenty
  • Geras (Γῆρας), spirit of old age
  • Harmonia (Αρμονία), goddess of harmony and concord
  • Hebe (Ήβη), goddess of youth
  • Hedone (Ἡδονή), spirit of pleasure, enjoyment and delight
  • Heimarmene (Ειμαρμένη), personification of share destined by fate
  • Homados (Ηομαδος), spirit of the din of battle
  • Homonoia (Ὁμόνοια), spirit of concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind
  • Horkos (Ὁρκος), spirit of oaths
  • Horme (Όρμη), spirit of impulse or effort (to do a thing), eagerness, setting onself in motion, and starting an action
  • Hybris (Ύβρις), spirit of outrageous behaviour
  • Hypnos (Ύπνος), god of sleep
  • The Hysminai (Ηυσμιναι), spirits of fighting and combat
  • Kakia (Kακία), spirit of vice and moral badness
  • Kalokagathia, spirit of nobility
  • The Keres (Κῆρες), spirit of violent or cruel death
  • Koalemos (Κοάλεμος), spirit of stupidity and foolishness
  • Kratos (Κράτος), spirit of strength, might, power and sovereign rule
  • Kydoimos (Κυδοιμος), spirit of the din of battle, confusion, uproar and hubbub
  • Lethe (Λήθη), spirit of forgetfulness and oblivion, also the river Lethe in the underworld, which makes a person forget their memories.
  • Limos (Λιμός), spirit of hunger and starvation
  • The Litae (Λιταί), spirits of prayer
  • Lyssa (Λύσσα), spirit of rage, fury and rabies in animals
  • The Machai (Μάχαι), spirits of fighting and combat
  • Mania (Μανία), spirit or spirits of madness, insanity and frenzy
  • The Moirae, or "Fates" (Μοίραι)
    • Clotho (Κλωθώ), the spinner of the life thread
    • Lachesis (Λάχεσις), the measurer of the life thread
    • Atropos (Άτροπος), the severer of the life thread
  • Momus (μῶμος), spirit of mockery, blame, censure and stinging criticism
  • Moros (Μόρος), spirit of doom
  • Nemesis (Νέμεσις), goddess of revenge, balance, righteous indignation and retribution
  • Nike (Νίκη), goddess of victory
  • Nomos (Νόμος), spirit of law
  • Oizys (Ὀϊζύς), spirit of woe and misery
  • The Oneiroi (Όνειροι), spirits of dreams
    • Epiales (Επιάλης), spirit of nightmares
    • Morpheus (Μορφεύς), god of dreams, who takes shape of humans
    • Phantasos (Φάντασος) spirit of dreams of fantasy, who takes shape of inanimate objects
    • Phobetor (Φοβήτωρ) or Icelos (Ίκελος), spirit of nightmares, who takes shape of animals
  • Palioxis (Παλιοξις), spirit of backrush, flight and retreat from battle
  • Peitharchia (Πειθαρχία), spirit of obedience
  • Peitho (Πειθώ), spirit of persuasion and seduction
  • Penia (Πενία), spirit of poverty and need
  • Penthus (Πένθος), spirit of grief, mourning and lamentation
  • Pepromene (Πεπρωμένη), personification of the destined share, similar to Heimarmene
  • Pheme (Φήμη), spirit of rumour, report and gossip
  • Philophrosyne (Φιλοφροσύνη), spirit of friendliness, kindness and welcome
  • Philotes (Φιλότης), spirit of friendship, affection and sexual intercourse
  • Phobos (Φόβος), spirit of panic fear, flight and battlefield rout, son of Ares
  • The Phonoi (Φόνοι), spirits of murder, killing and slaughter
  • Phrike (Φρίκη), spirit of horror and trembling fear
  • Phthonus (Φθόνος), spirit of envy and jealousy
  • Pistis (Πίστις), spirit of trust, honesty and good faith
  • Poine (Ποίνη), spirit of retribution, vengeance, recompense, punishment and penalty for the crime of murder and manslaughter
  • Ponos (Πόνος), spirit of hard labour and toil
  • Poros (Πόρος), spirit of expediency, the means of accomplishing or providing, contrivance and device
  • Praxidike (Πραξιδίκη), spirit of exacting justice
  • Proioxis (Προίοξις), spirit of onrush and battlefield pursuit
  • Prophasis (Πρόφασις), spirit of excuses and pleas
  • The Pseudologoi, spirits of lies
  • Ptocheia (Πτωχεία), spirit of beggary
  • Soter (Σωτήρ), male spirit of safety, preservation and deliverance from harm
  • Soteria (Σωτηρία), personification of safety, preservation and deliverance from harm
  • Sophrosyne (Σωφροσύνη), spirit of moderation, self-control, temperance, restraint, and discretion
  • Techne (Τέχνη), personification of art and skill
  • Thanatos (Θάνατος), spirit of death and mortality
  • Thrasos (Θράσος), spirit of boldness
  • Tyche (Τύχη), goddess of fortune, chance, providence and fate
  • Zelos ( Ζῆλος), spirit of eager rivalry, emulation, envy, jealousy and zeal

[edit] Chthonic deities

  • Amphiaraus (Αμφιαραύς), a hero of the war of the Seven Against Thebe who became an oracular spirit of the Underworld after his death
  • Askalaphos (Ἀσκάλαφος), the son of Acheron and Orphne who tended the Underworld orchards before being transformed into a screech owl by Demeter
  • Cerberus (Κέρβερος), the three-headed hound who guarded the gates of Hades
  • Charon (Χάρων), ferryman of Hades
  • Empusa (Έμπουσα), a monstrous underworld spirit or spirits with flaming hair, the leg of a goat and a leg of bronze
  • Erebos (Έρεβος), the primeval god of darkness, his mists encircled the underworld and filled the hollows of the earth
  • The Erinyes (Ἐρινύες), the Furies, goddesses of retribution
    • Alecto (Ἀληκτώ), the unceasing one
    • Tisiphone (Τισιφόνη), avenger of murder
    • Megaera (Μέγαιρα), the jealous one
  • Hecate (Εκάτη), goddess of magic, witchcraft, the night, moon, ghosts and necromancy
  • Judges of the Dead
    • Aiakos (Αιακός), former mortal king of Aegina, guardian of the keys of Hades and judge of the men of Europe
    • Minos (Μίνως), former mortal king of Crete and judge of the final vote
    • Rhadamanthys (Ῥαδάμανθυς), former mortal lawmaker and judge of the men of Asia
  • Keuthonymos (Κευθόνυμος), an Underworld spirit and father of Menoetes
  • Cronus (Κρόνος), deposed king of the Titans; after his release from Tartarus he was appointed king of the Island of the Blessed
  • Lamia (Λάμια), a vampiric Underworld spirit or spirits in the train of Hecate
  • Lampades (Λαμπάδες), torch-bearing Underworld nymphs
    • Gorgyra (Γοργύρα)
    • Orphne (Ορφνη), a Lampad nymph of Hades, mother of Askalaphos
  • Macaria (Μακαρία), daughter of Hades and goddess of blessed death (not to be confused with the daughter of Heracles)
  • Melinoe (Μελινόη), daughter of Persephone and Zeus who presided over the propitiations offered to the ghosts of the dead
  • Menoetes (Μενοίτης), an Underworld spirit who herded the cattle of Hades
  • Mormo (Μορμώ), a fearsome Underworld spirit or spirits in the train of Hecate
  • Nyx (Νύξ), the primeval goddess of night
  • Persephone (Περσεφόνη), queen of the underworld, wife of Hades and goddess of spring growth
  • Rivers of the Underworld
    • Acheron (Αχέρων), the river of pain
    • Kokytos (Kωκυτός), the river of wailing
    • Lethe (Λήθη), the river of forgetfulness
    • Phlegethon (Φλεγέθων), the river of fire
    • Styx (Στύξ), the river of hate
  • Tartarus (Τάρταρος), the primeval god of the dark, stormy pit of Hades
  • Thanatos (Θάνατος), spirit of death and minister of Hades

[edit] Sea deities

  • Aegaeon (Αιγαίων), god of violent sea storms and ally of the Titans
  • Acheilos (Αχειλος), shark-shaped sea spirit
  • Amphitrite (Αμφιτρίτη), sea goddess and consort of Poseidon
  • Benthesikyme (Βενθεσικύμη), daughter of Poseidon, who resided in Ethiopia
  • Brizo (Βριζώ), patron goddess of sailors, who sent prophetic dreams
  • Ceto (Κῆτώ), goddess of the dangers of the ocean and of sea monsters
  • Charybdis (Χάρυβδις), a sea monster and spirit of whirlpools and the tide
  • Cymopoleia (Κυμοπόλεια), a daughter of Poseidon married to the Giant Briareus
  • Delphin (Δέλφιν), the leader of the dolphins, Poseidon placed him in the sky as the constellation Delphin
  • Eidothea (Ειδοθέα), prophetic sea nymph and daughter of Proteus
  • Glaucus (Γλαῦκος), the fisherman's sea god
  • Gorgons (Γοργόνες), three monstrous sea spirits
    • Stheno (Σθεννώ)
    • Euryale (Εὐρυάλη)
    • Medusa (Μέδουσα), the only mortal of the three
  • The Graeae (Γραῖαι), three ancient sea spirits who personified the white foam of the sea; they shared one eye and one tooth between them
    • Deino (Δεινώ)
    • Enyo (Ενυώ)
    • Pemphredo (Πεμφρεδώ)
  • The Harpies (Ηάρπυιαι), winged spirits of sudden, sharp gusts of wind
    • Aello (Αελλώ) or Aellope (Αελλώπη) or Aellopous (Αελλόπους)
    • Ocypete (Ωκυπέτη) or Ocypode (Ωκυπόδη) or Ocythoe (Ωκυθόη)
    • Podarge (Ποδάργη) or Podarke (Ποδάρκη)
    • Celaeno (Κελαινώ)
    • Nicothoe (Νικοθόη)
  • Hippocampi (ἱπποκαμπος), the horses of the sea they are half horse with the tail of a fish
  • The Ichthyocentaurs (Ιχθυοκένταυροι), a pair of centaurine sea-gods with the upper bodies of men, the lower fore-parts of horses, ending in the serpentine tails of fish
    • Bythos (Βύθος) "sea depth"
    • Aphros (Άφρος) "sea foam"
  • Karkinos (Καρκίνος), a giant crab who allied itself with the Hydra against Heracles. When it died, Hera placed it in the sky as the constellation Cancer.
  • Ladon (Λάδων), a hundred-headed sea serpent who guarded the western reaches of the sea, and the island and golden apples of the Hesperides
  • Leucothea (Λευκοθέα), a sea goddess who aided sailors in distress
  • Nereides (Νηρηίδες), sea nymphs
    • Thetis (Θέτις), leader of the Nereids who presided over the spawning of marine life in the sea
    • Arethusa (Αρετούσα), a daughter of Nereus who was transformed into a fountain
    • Galene (Γαλήνη), goddess of calm seas
    • Psamathe (Πσαμάθη), goddess of sand beaches
  • Nereus (Νηρέας), the old man of the sea, and the god of the sea's rich bounty of fish
  • Nerites (Νερίτης), a sea spirit who was transformed into a shell-fish by Aphrodite
  • Oceanus (Ὠκεανός), Titan god of the Earth-encircling river Oceanus, the font of all the Earth's fresh-water
  • Palaemon (Παλαίμων), a young sea god who aided sailors in distress
  • Phorcys (Φόρκυς), god of the hidden dangers of the deep
  • Pontos (Πόντος), primeval god of the sea, father of the fish and other sea creatures
  • Poseidon (Ποσειδῶν), king of the sea and lord of the sea gods; also god of rivers, flood and drought, earthquakes, and horses
  • Proteus (Πρωτεύς), a shape-shifting, prophetic old sea god, and the herdsman of Poseidon's seals
  • Scylla (Σκύλλα), monstrous sea goddess
  • The Sirens (Σειρῆνες), sea nymphs who lured sailors to their death with their song
    • Aglaope (Αγλαόπη) or Aglaophonos (Αγλαόφωνος) or Aglaopheme (Αγλαοφήμη)
    • Himerope (Ίμερόπη)
    • Leucosia (Λευκοσία)
    • Ligeia (Λιγεία)
    • Molpe (Μολπή)
    • Parthenope (Παρθενόπη)
    • Peisinoe (Πεισινόη) or Peisithoe (Πεισιθόη)
    • Raidne (Ραίδνη)
    • Teles (Τέλης)
    • Thelchtereia (Θελχτήρεια)
    • Thelxiope (Θελξιόπη) or Thelxiepeia (Θελξιέπεια)
  • The Telchines (Τελχινες), sea spirits native to the island of Rhodes; the gods killed them when they turned to evil magic
    • Actaeus (Ακταιος)
    • Argyron (Αργυρών)
    • Atabyrius (Αταβύριος)
    • Chalcon (Χαλκών)
    • Chryson (Χρυσών)
    • Damon (Δαμων) or Demonax (Δημώναξ)
    • Damnameneus (Δαμναμενεύς)
    • Dexithea (Δεξιθέα), mother of Euxanthios by Minos
    • Lycos (Λύκος) or Lyktos (Λύκτος)
    • Lysagora (Λυσαγόρα)?
    • Makelo (Μακελώ)
    • Megalesius (Μεγαλήσιος)
    • Mylas (Μύλας)
    • Nikon (Νίκων)
    • Ormenos (Ορμενος)
    • Simon (Σίμων)
    • Skelmis (Σκελμις)
  • Tethys (Τηθύς), wife of Oceanus, and the mother of the rivers, springs, streams, fountains and clouds
  • Thalassa (Θάλασσα), primeval spirit of the sea and consort of Pontos
  • Thaumas (Θαῦμας), god of the wonders of the sea
  • Thoosa (Θόοσα), goddess of swift currents
  • Triteia (Τριτεια), daughter of Triton and companion of Ares
  • Triton (Τρίτων), fish-tailed son and herald of Poseidon
  • Tritones (Τρίτωνες), fish-tailed spirits in Poseidon's retinue

[edit] Sky deities

  • Achelois (Ἀχελωΐς), "she who washes pain away", a minor moon goddess
  • Aeolus (Aiolos) (Αίολος), god of the winds.
  • Aether (Αιθήρ), primeval god of the upper air
  • Alectrona (Αλεκτρονα), solar goddess of the morning or waking up
  • Anemoi, gods of the winds
    • Boreas (Βορέας), god of the north wind and of winter
    • Eurus (Εύρος), god of the unlucky east or southeast wind
    • Notus (Νότος) god of the south wind
    • Zephyrus (Ζέφυρος), god of the west wind
    • Aparctias (Απαρκτίας), another name for the north wind (not identified with Boreas)
    • Apheliotes (Αφηλιώτης), god of the east wind (when Euros is considered southeast)
    • Argestes (Αργέστης), another name for the west or northwest wind
    • Caicias (Καικίας), god of the northeast wind
    • Circios (Κίρκιος) or Thraskias (Θρασκίας), god of the north-northwest wind
    • Euronotus (Ευρονότος), god of the southeast wind
    • Lips (Λίψ), god of the southwest wind
    • Skeiron (Σκείρων), god of the northwest wind
  • Arke (Άρκη), messenger of the Titans and twin sister of Iris
  • Astraios (Ἀστραῖος), Titan god of stars and planets, and the art of astrology
  • The Astra Planeti (Αστρα Πλανετοι), gods of the five wandering stars or planets
  • Aurai (Αὖραι), nymphs of the cooling breeze
    • Aura (Αὖρα), goddess of the breeze and the fresh, cool air of early morning
  • Chaos (Χάος), the nothingness from which all else sprang, she also represented the lower atmosphere which surrounded the earth
  • Chione (Χιόνη), goddess of snow and daughter of Boreas
  • Eos (Ἠώς), Titan goddess of the dawn
  • Helios (Ἥλιος), Titan god of the sun and guardian of oaths
  • Hemera (Ημέρα), primeval goddess of daylight and the sun
  • Hera (Ήρα), Queen of Heaven and goddess of the air and starry constellations
  • Herse (Ἕρση), goddess of the morning dew
  • The Hesperides (Ἑσπερίδες)
  • The Hyades, nymphs that represented a star cluster in the constellation Taurus and were associated with rain
  • Iris (Ίρις), goddess of the rainbow and divine messenger
  • The Menae (Μήναι), fifty goddesses of phases of the moon and the fifty lunar months of the four-year Olympiad
  • Nephelai (Νεφήλαι), cloud nymphs
  • Ouranos (Ουρανός), primeval god of the heavens
  • Pandia (Πανδία), daughter of Selene and Zeus; goddess of the full moon and of the earth-nourishing dew
  • The Pleiades (Πλειάδες), goddesses of the constellation Pleiades
  • Selene (Σελήνη), Titan goddess of the moon
  • Zeus (Ζεύς), King of Heaven and god of the sky, clouds, rain, thunder and lightning

[edit] Rustic deities

  • Aetna (Αἴτνη), goddess of the volcanic Mount Etna in Sicily
  • Amphictyonis (Αμφικτυονίς), goddess of wine and friendship between nations, a local form of Demeter
  • Anthousai (Ανθούσαι), flower nymphs
  • Aristaeus (Ἀρισταῖος), god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing and hunting
  • Artemis (Άρτεμις), goddess of wild animals, birds and fresh-water fish, and of hunting, fishing and fowling
  • Attis (Άττις), vegetation god and consort of Cybele
  • Britomartis (Βριτόμαρτις), Cretan goddess of hunting and nets used for fishing, fowling and the hunting of small game
  • Cabeiri (Κάβειροι), gods or spirits who presided over the Mysteries of the islands of Lemnos and Samothrace
    • Aitnaios (Αιτναιος)
    • Alkon (Αλκων)
    • Eurymedon (Ευρυμεδών)
    • Onnes (Όννης)
    • Tonnes (Τόννης)
  • Centaurs (Κένταυροι), a race of half-man, half-horse beings
    • Asbolus (Άσβολος)
    • Chariclo (Χαρικλώ), wife of the centaur Chiron
    • Chiron (Χείρων), the eldest and wisest of the Centaurs
    • Eurytion (Ευρυτιων)
    • Nessus (Νέσσος), a ferryman at the river Euenus
    • Pholus (Φώλος)
  • The Cercopes (Κέρκοπες), a pair of monkey-like thieves who plagued the land of Lydia in western Anatolia
    • Akmon (Ακμών)
    • Passalos (Πάσσαλος)
  • Chloris (Χλωρίς), goddess of flowers and wife of Zephyrus
  • Comus (Κόμος), god of revelry, merrymaking and festivity
  • Corymbus (Κόρυμβος), god of the fruit of the ivy
  • The Curetes (Κουρέτες), guardians of infant Zeus on Mount Ida, barely distinguished from the Dactyls and the Corybantes
  • Cybele (Κυβέλη), a Phrygian mountain goddess associated with Rhea
  • The Dactyls (Δάκτυλοι)"fingers", minor deities originally representing fingers of a hand
    • Acmon (Ακμών)
    • Damnameneus (Δαμναμενεύς)
    • Delas (Δήλας)
    • Epimedes (Επιμήδης)
    • Heracles (not to be confused with the hero Heracles)
    • Iasios (Ιάσιος)
    • Kelmis (Κελμις)
    • Skythes (Σκύθης)
  • Dionysus (Διόνυσος), god of wine, drunken orgies and wild vegetation
  • Dryades (Δρυάδες), tree and forest nymphs
  • Gaia (Γαία), primeval goddess of the earth
  • Epimeliades (Επιμελίδες), nymphs of highland pastures and protectors of sheep flocks
  • Hamadryades (Αμαδρυάδες), oak tree dryades
  • Hecaterus (Ηεκατερος), minor god of the hekateris — a rustic dance of quickly moving hands — and perhaps of the skill of hands in general
  • Hephaestus (Ήφαιστος), god of metalworking
  • Hermes (Ερμής), god of herds and flocks, of roads and boundary stones
  • The Horae (Ώρες), The Hours
    • The goddesses of natural order
      • Eunomia (Ευνομία), spirit of good order, and springtime goddess of green pastures
      • Dike (Δίκη), spirit of justice, may have represented springtime growth
      • Eirene (Ειρήνη), spirit of peace and goddess of the springtime
    • The goddesses of springtime growth
      • Thallo (Θαλλώ), goddess of spring buds and shoots, identified with Eirene
      • Auxo (Αυξώ), goddess of spring growth
      • Karpo (Καρπώ), goddess of the fruits of the earth
    • The goddesses of welfare
    • The goddesses of the natural portions of time and the times of day
      • Auge (Αυγή), first light of the morning
      • Anatole (Ανατολή) or Anatolia (Ανατολία), sunrise
      • Mousika or Musica (Μουσική), the morning hour of music and study
      • Gymnastika, Gymnastica (Γυμναστίκή) or Gymnasia (Γυμνασία), the morning hour of gymnastics/exercise
      • Nymphe (Νυμφή), the morning hour of ablutions (bathing, washing)
      • Mesembria (Μεσημβρία), noon
      • Sponde (Σπονδή), libations poured after lunch
      • Elete, prayer, the first of the afternoon work hours
      • Akte, Acte (Ακτή) or Cypris (Κυπρίς), eating and pleasure, the second of the afternoon work hours
      • Hesperis (Έσπερίς), evening
      • Dysis (Δύσις), sunset
      • Arktos (Άρκτος), night sky, constellation
    • The goddesses of seasons of the year
      • Eiar (Είαρ), spring
      • Theros (Θέρος), summer
      • Pthinoporon (Φθινόπωρον), autumn
      • Cheimon (Χειμών), winter
  • Korybantes (Κορύβαντες), the crested dancers who worshipped Cybele
    • Damneus (Δαμνεύς) "the one who tames(?)"
    • Idaios (Ιδαίος) "of Mount Ida"
    • Kyrbas (Κύρβας), whose name is probably a variant of Korybas, singular for "Korybantes"
    • Okythoos (Ωκύθοος) "the one running swiftly"
    • Prymneus (Πρυμνεύς) "of lower areas(?)"
    • Pyrrhichos (Πυρῥιχος), god of the rustic dance
  • Maenades (μαινάδες), crazed nymphs in the retinue of Dionysus
    • Methe (Μέθη), nymph of drunkenness
  • Meliae (Μελίαι), nymphs of honey and the ash tree
  • Naiades (Ναιάδες), fresh water nymphs
  • The Nymphai Hyperboreioi (Νύμφαι Υπερβόρειοι), who presided over aspects of archery
    • Hekaerge (Εκαέργη), represented distancing
    • Loxo (Λοξώ), represented trajectory
    • Oupis (Ουπις), represented aim
  • Oreades (Ὀρεάδες), mountain nymphs
    • Adrasteia (Αδράστεια), a nursemaid of the infant Zeus
    • Echo (Ηχώ), a nymph cursed never to speak except to repeat the words of others
  • Oceanides (Ωκεανίδες), fresh water nymphs
    • Beroe (Βερόη), a nymph of Beirut, the daughter of Aphrodite and Adonis, who was wooed by both Dionysus and Poseidon
    • Calypso (Καλυψώ)
    • Clytie (Κλυτίη)
    • Eidyia (Ειδυια), the youngest of the Oceanides
    • for the complete list, see List of Oceanids
  • The Ourea (Ούρος), primeval gods of mountains
  • The Palici (Παλικοί), a pair of rustic gods who presided over the geysers and thermal springs in Sicily
  • Pan (Πάν), god of shepherds, pastures, and fertility
  • Potamoi, river gods
  • Priapus (Πρίαπος), god of garden fertility
  • Rhea (Ῥέα), the great mother and queen of the mountain wilds
  • Satyrs (Σάτυροι), rustic fertility spirits
    • Krotos (Κρότος), a great hunter and musician who kept the company of the Muses on Mount Helicon
  • Silenus (Σειληνός), an old rustic god of the dance of the wine-press
  • Telete (Τελέτη), goddess of initiation into the Bacchic orgies
  • Zagreus (Ζαγρεύς), in the Orphic mysteries, the first incarnation of Dionysus

[edit] Agricultural deities

  • Aphaea (Αφαία), minor goddess of agriculture and fertility
  • Carme (Κάρμη), a Cretan spirit who presided over the harvest festival
  • Carmanor (Καρμάνωρ), a Cretan harvest god
  • Chrysothemis (Χρυσόθεμις), goddess of the "Golden Custom", a harvest festival, daughter of Demeter and Carmanor
  • Cyamites (Κυαμίτης), demi-god of the bean
  • Demeter (Δημήτηρ), goddess of fertility, agriculture, grain and harvest
  • Despoina, daughter of Poseidon and Demeter, goddess of mysteries in Arcadia
  • Dionysus (Διόνυσος), god of viticulture and wine
  • Eunostus (Εύνοστος), goddess of the flour mill
  • Hestia (Ἑστία), maiden goddess of the hearth who presided over the baking of bread, mankind's stable food
  • Persephone (Περσεφόνη), queen of the underworld, wife of Hades and goddess of spring growth
  • Philomelus (Φιλόμελος), agricultural demi-god inventor of the wagon and the plough
  • Plutus (Πλοῦτος), god of wealth, including agricultural wealth, son of Demeter

[edit] Deified mortals

  • Achilles (Ἀχιλλεύς), hero of the Trojan War
  • Acis (Ακις), lover of Galatea, became a river god after being killed by Polyphemus
  • Aiakos (Αιακός), a king of Aegina, when he died he was appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld
  • Aeolus (Aiolos) (Αίολος), a king of Thessaly, made the immortal king of the winds by Zeus
  • Amphiaraus (Αμφιαραύς), a hero of the war of the Seven Against Thebe who became an oracular spirit of the Underworld after his death
  • Ariadne (Αριάδνη), a Cretan princess who became the immortal wife of Dionysus
  • Aristaeus (Ἀρισταῖος), a Thessalian hero, his inventions saw him immortalised as the god of bee-keeping, cheese-making, herding, olive-growing and hunting
  • Asclepius (Ασκληπιός), a Thessalian physician who was struck down by Zeus, to be later recovered by his father Apollo
  • Attis (Άττις), a consort of Cybele, granted immortality as one of her attendants
  • Bolina (Βολίνα), made immortal by Apollo
  • The Dioscuri (Διόσκουροι), divine twins, worshipped as the Anakes (Άνακες)
  • Endymion (Ἐνδυμίων), lover of Selene, granted eternal sleep so as never to age or die
  • Ganymede (Γανυμήδης), a handsome Trojan prince, abducted by Zeus and made cup-bearer of the gods
  • Glaucus (Γλαῦκος), the fisherman's sea god, made immortal after eating a magical herb
  • Hemithea and Parthenos (Ηεμιθέα καί Παρθένος), princesses of the Island of Naxos who leapt into the sea to escape their father's wrath; Apollo transformed them into demi-goddesses
  • Heracles (Ηρακλής), ascended hero
  • Minos (Μίνως), a king of Crete, when he died he was appointed as a Judge of the Dead in the Underworld
  • Ino (Ἰνώ), a Theban princess who became the sea goddess Leucothea
  • The Leucippides (Λευκιππίδες), wives of the Dioscuri
    • Phoebe (Φοίβη), wife of Pollux
    • Hilaeira (Ἱλάειρα), wife of Castor
  • Orithyia (Ὠρείθυια), an Athenian princess abducted by Boreas and made the goddess of cold, gusty mountain winds
  • Palaemon (Παλαίμων), a Theban prince, made into a sea god along with his mother, Ino
  • Perseus (Περσεύς), a son of Zeus and a mortal woman who fought and beat Medusa
  • Phylonoe (Φυλονόη), daughter of Tyndareus and Leda, made immortal by Artemis
  • Psyche (Ψυχή), goddess of the soul

[edit] Health deities

  • Aceso (Ἀκεσώ), goddess of the healing of wounds and the curing of illnesses
  • Aegle (Αἴγλη), goddess of radiant good health
  • Asclepius (Ασκληπιός), god of healing
  • Epione (Ἠπιόνη), goddess of the soothing of pain
  • Hygieia (Υγεία), goddess of cleanliness and good health
  • Iaso (Ἰασώ), goddess of cures, remedies and modes of healing
  • Paeon (Παιάν, Παιήων, or Παιών), physician of the Olympian gods
  • Panacea (Πανάκεια), goddess of healing
  • Telesphorus (Τελεσφόρος), demi-god of convalescence, who "brought to fulfillment" recuperation from illness or injury

[edit] Other deities

  • Acratopotes (Ἀκρατοπότης), god of unmixed wine and incontinence
  • Adrastea (Αδράστεια), a daughter of Ares and Aphrodite, or an epithet of Nemesis
  • Agdistis (Ἄγδιστις), Phrygian hermaphroditic deity
  • Alexiares and Anicetus (Αλεξιαρης and Ανικητος), twin sons of Heracles who presided over the defence of fortified towns and citadels
  • Aphroditus (Ἀφρόδιτος), Cyprian hermaphroditic Aphrodite
  • Astraea (Αστραία), virgin goddess of justice
  • Auxesia (Αυξησία) and Damia (Δαμία), two local fertility goddesses
  • Charites (Χάριτες), goddesses of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility
    • Aglaea (Αγλαΐα), goddess of beauty, adornment, splendour and glory
    • Euphrosyne (Εὐφροσύνη), goddess of good cheer, joy, mirth and merriment
    • Thalia (Θάλεια), goddess of festive celebrations and rich and luxurious banquets
    • Hegemone (Ηγεμόνη) "mastery"
    • Antheia (Άνθεια), goddess of flowers and flowery wreaths
    • Pasithea (Πασιθέα), goddess of rest and relaxation
    • Cleta (Κλήτα) "the glorious"
    • Phaenna (Φαέννα) "the shining"
    • Eudaimonia (Ευδαιμονία) "happiness"
    • Euthymia (Ευθυμία) "good mood"
    • Calleis (Καλλείς) "beauty"
    • Paidia (Παιδία) "play, amusement"
    • Pandaisia (Πανδαισία) "banquet for everyone"
    • Pannychis (Παννυχίς) "all-night (festivity)"
  • Ceraon (Κεραων), demi-god of the meal, specifically the mixing of wine
  • Chrysus (Χρύσος), spirit of gold
  • Circe (Κίρκη), goddess-witch of Aeaea
  • Daemones Ceramici (Δαίμονες Κεραμικοί), five malevolent spirits who plagued the craftsman potter
    • Syntribos (Σύντριβος), the shatterer
    • Smaragos (Σμάραγος), the smasher
    • Asbetos (Ασβετος), the charrer
    • Sabaktes (Σαβάκτης), the destroyer
    • Omodamos (Ομόδαμος), crudebake
  • Deipneus (Δειπνεύς), demi-god of the preparation of meals, specifically the making of bread
  • Eiresione (Ειρεσιώνη), personification of the olive branch
  • Eileithyia (Εἰλείθυια), goddess of childbirth
  • Enyalius (Ενυάλιος), minor god of war
  • Enyo (Ἐνυώ), goddess of destructive war
  • Harpocrates (Ηαρποκρατης), god of silence
  • Hermaphroditus (Ἑρμάφρόδιτός), god of hermaphrodites and effeminate men
  • Hymenaios (Ὑμέναιος), god of marriage and marriage feasts
  • Ichnaea (Ιχναία), goddess of tracking
  • Iynx (Ιύνξ), goddess of the love charm
  • Matton (Μάττων), demi-god of the meal, specifically the kneading of dough
  • Muses (Μούσαι), goddesses of music, song and dance, and the source of inspiration to poets
    • Titan Muses, daughters of Gaia and Ouranos
      • Aoide (Ἀοιδή), muse of song
      • Arche (Αρχή), muse of origins
      • Melete (Μελέτη), muse of meditation and practice
      • Mneme (Μνήμη), muse of memory
      • Thelxinoe (Θελξινόη), muse "charmer of minds"
    • Olympian Muses, daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne
      • Calliope (Καλλιόπη), muse of epic poetry
      • Clio (Κλειώ), muse of history
      • Erato (Ερατώ), muse of erotic poetry
      • Euterpe (Ευτέρπη), muse of lyric poetry
      • Melpomene (Μελπομένη), muse of tragedy
      • Polyhymnia (Πολυμνία) or (Πολύμνια), muse of sacred poetry
      • Terpsichore (Τερψιχόρη), muse of dance and choral poetry
      • Thalia (Θάλεια), muse of comedy and bucolic poetry
      • Urania (Ουρανία), muse of astronomy
    • Younger Muses, daughters of Apollo
      • Cephisso (Κεφισσώ)
      • Apollonis (Απολλωνίς)
      • Borysthenis (Βορυσθενίς)
      • Hypate (Υπάτη) "the upper (chord of the lyre)"
      • Mese (Μέση) "the middle (chord of the lyre)"
      • Nete (Νήτη) "the lower (chord of the lyre)"
    • Polymatheia (Πολυμάθεια), muse of knowledge
  • Rhapso (Ραψώ), minor goddess or nymph whose name apparently refers to sewing

[edit] Mortals

[edit] A–B

[edit] C–G

[edit] H–L

[edit] M–P

[edit] R–Z

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